It’s a gastric autoimmune disorder of the small intestine. It is a disease in which a patient cannot tolerate gluten-contained food. Gluten is a type of dietary protein which is found in 3 types of cereal such as barley, rye, and wheat.
Basically our small intestine has tiny entities called villi. The main role of villi is to absorb the nutrients or fuel molecules that already exist in the food we take. When these tiny entities get inflamed from the immune action of a patient having celiac disorder, the assimilation of the nutrients is stopped. This hindrance causes different deficiencies of minerals or other nutrients in the patient’s body. Thus leads to malnutrition and damage the large intestine including other organs too.
Due to poor medical facilities, the prevalence of the Celiac disease in Pakistan is not known but it’s a common disease both in children as well as adults.